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The Napoleonic Wars and the Victorian Era (1760-1900)


History of the Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars were a series of conflicts declared against Napoleon's French Empire and changing sets of European allies by opposing coalitions that ran from 1803 to 1815. As a continuation of the wars sparked by the French Revolution of 1789, they revolutionized European armies and played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly due to the application of modern mass conscription. French power rose quickly, conquering most of Europe, but collapsed rapidly after France's disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812. Napoleon's empire ultimately suffered complete military defeat resulting in the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France. The wars resulted in the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire and sowed the seeds of nascent nationalism in Germany and Italy that would lead to the two nations' consolidation later in the century. Meanwhile the Spanish Empire began to unravel as French occupation of Spain weakened Spain's hold over its colonies, providing an opening for nationalist revolutions in Latin America. As a direct result of the Napoleonic wars the British Empire became the foremost world power for the next century, thus beginning Pax Britannica.

No consensus exists as to when the French Revolutionary Wars ended and the Napoleonic Wars began. One possible date is 9 November 1799, when Bonaparte seized power in France with the coup of 18 Brumaire. 18 May 1803 is probably the most commonly used date, as this was when a renewed declaration of war between Britain and France (resulting from the collapse of the Treaty of Amiens,) ended the only period of general peace in Europe between 1792 and 1814. The latest proposed date is 2 December 1804, when Napoleon crowned himself Emperor.

The Napoleonic Wars ended following Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo on 18 June 1815 and the Second Treaty of Paris.


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Captain Horatio Hornblower

Flying Colours (Hornblower Saga)

Horatio Hornblower is the fictional protagonist of a series of novels by C. S. Forester, and later the subject of films and television programs.

The original Hornblower tales began with the appearance of a junior Royal Navy Captain on independent duty on a secret mission to Central America, though later stories would fill out his earlier years, starting with an unpromising beginning as a seasick midshipman. As the Napoleonic Wars progress, he gains promotion steadily, despite his initial poverty and lack of influential friends, as a result of his skill and daring. Eventually, after surviving many adventures in a wide variety of locales, he rises to the pinnacle of his profession, promoted to Rear Admiral of the Red Squadron, knighted as a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, and named the 1st Baron Hornblower.

Ernest Hemingway is quoted as saying, "I recommend Forester to everyone literate I know," and Winston Churchill stated, "I find Hornblower admirable."

The novels, in the order in which they were written:

  1. The Happy Return (1937, called Beat to Quarters in the U.S.)
  2. A Ship of the Line (1938, called simply Ship of the Line in the U.S.)
  3. Flying Colours (1938, spelled Flying Colors in some U.S. editions)
  4. The Commodore (1945, called Commodore Hornblower in the U.S.)
  5. Lord Hornblower (1946)
  6. Mr. Midshipman Hornblower (1950)
  7. Lieutenant Hornblower (1952)
  8. Hornblower and the Atropos (1953)
  9. Hornblower in the West Indies (1958, Admiral Hornblower in the West Indies in some U.S. editions)
  10. Hornblower and the Hotspur (1962)
  11. Hornblower and the Crisis (1967, unfinished novel and short stories, Hornblower During the Crisis in some U.S. editions)

In chronological order (including short stories):

  1. Mr. Midshipman Hornblower (1950)
  2. "Hornblower and the Widow McCool" (1967, short story, a.k.a. "Hornblower's Temptation")
  3. Lieutenant Hornblower (1952)
  4. Hornblower and the Hotspur (1962)
  5. Hornblower and the Crisis (1967, unfinished novel and short stories, a.k.a. Hornblower During the Crisis)
  6. Hornblower and the Atropos (1953)
  7. The Happy Return (1937, a.k.a. Beat to Quarters)
  8. A Ship of the Line (1938)
  9. Flying Colours (1938)
  10. The Commodore (1945, a.k.a. Commodore Hornblower)
  11. Lord Hornblower (1946)
  12. Hornblower in the West Indies (1958, a.k.a. Admiral Hornblower in the West Indies)
  13. "The Last Encounter" (1967, short story)


Selections from our Horatio Hornblower Book Store:
Mr. Midshipman Hornblower (Hornblower Saga) Mr. Midshipman Hornblower (Hornblower Saga) by C.S. Forester
Buy new: $9.37 / Used from: $0.16
Chronologically the first volume in the series but the sixth-written. The chapters were serially published as short stories before collection and hence the novel has a very episodic feel. June 1794 to March 1798.
Lieutenant Hornblower Lieutenant Hornblower by C.S. Forester
Buy new: $10.07 / Used from: $1.24
Chronologically the second volume in the series but the seventh-written. Unlike all the other novels in the series, it is written from the point of view of Lieutenant William Bush. May 1800 to March 1803.
Hornblower and the "Hotspur" (Hornblower Series) Hornblower and the "Hotspur" (Hornblower Series) by C.S. Forester
Buy new: $10.07 / Used from: $1.82
Chronologically the third volume in the series but the tenth-written. One of the most exciting volumes of all, it includes numerous combat sequences. April 1803 to July 1805.
Hornblower During the Crisis (Hornblower Saga) Hornblower During the Crisis (Hornblower Saga) by C.S. Forester
Buy new: $10.07 / Used from: $5.00
This unfinished novel would have occurred between Hornblower and the Hotspur and Hornblower and the Atropos. The initial chapters are well-written and engaging, but mid-way through the novel simply ends with a one page summary of 'what happens'. August 1805 to December 1805.
Hornblower and the Atropos (Hornblower Saga) Hornblower and the Atropos (Hornblower Saga) by C.S. Forester
Buy new: $10.07 / Used from: $1.38
Chronologically the fourth volume in the series but the eighth-written. Includes an interesting canal trip across England. William Bush not present in the narrative. December 1805 to January 1808.
Hornblower : Beat to Quarters Hornblower : Beat to Quarters by C.S. Forester
Buy new: $10.07 / Used from: $4.08
Chronologically the fifth volume in the series but the first-written. Has several minor inconsistencies with latter novels, such as Hornblower's age. Also published under the title The Happy Return. June 1808 to October 1808.
Ship of the Line (Hornblower Saga) Ship of the Line (Hornblower Saga) by C.S. Forester
Buy new: $9.37 / Used from: $2.89
Chronologically the sixth volume in the series but the second-written. Has several minor inconsistencies with latter novels. Includes several exciting amphibious actions as well as the incredible description of the combat loss of HMS Sutherland. May 1810 to October 1810.
Flying Colours (Hornblower Saga) Flying Colours (Hornblower Saga) by C.S. Forester
Buy new: $10.07 / Used from: $3.21
Chronologically the seventh volume in the series but the third-written. Takes place nearly entirely ashore as Hornblower escapes from France. Introduces Marie, Hornblower's lover and develops Brown, Hornblower's coxswain/steward. Atypical in tone. November 1810 to June 1811.
Commodore Hornblower (Hornblower, 9) Commodore Hornblower (Hornblower, 9) by C.S. Forester
Buy new: $10.07 / Used from: $3.70
Chronologically the eighth volume in the series but the fourth-written. Sees Hornblower commanding a squadron of ships in support of shore operations. Also published under the title The Commodore. May 1812 to October 1812.
Lord Hornblower (Hornblower Saga) Lord Hornblower (Hornblower Saga) by C.S. Forester
Buy new: $10.07 / Used from: $2.36
Chronologically the ninth volume in the series but the fifth-written. Sees Hornblower facing difficulty through what proves to be a transient cease fire. Much of the action takes place ashore. Somewhat devoted to Hornblower's marital difficulties and a little slow. October 1813 to May 1814.
Admiral Hornblower in the West Indies (Hornblower Saga) Admiral Hornblower in the West Indies (Hornblower Saga) by C.S. Forester
Buy new: $10.07 / Used from: $2.24
Chronologically the tenth (final) volume in the series but the ninth-written. The only volume taking place outside the context of the Napoleonic Wars. Novel features five chapters, each a stand-alone vignette, which yields a somewhat episodic texture. May 1821 to October 1823.
The Hornblower Companion The Hornblower Companion by C. S. Forester
Buy used from: $8.38
Not part of the series. Published in 1964 (after all of the completed novels) this companion includes numerous maps and dates which are very useful, as well as the writer's musing about writing. It covers all ten of the completed novels. Recommended.


File:Captain Horatio Hornblower 1951 film.jpg

Captain Horatio Hornblower R.N. (released in the U.S. without the 'R.N.') is a 1951 naval adventure film. It was directed by Raoul Walsh and stars Gregory Peck, Virginia Mayo, Robert Beatty and Terence Morgan.

It was based upon three of C. S. Forester's Horatio Hornblower novels, The Happy Return (Beat to Quarters in the United States), A Ship of the Line and Flying Colours. Forester is credited with the adaptation; as a result, the film is faithful to his novels and features an occasionally introspective tone unusual for an old-fashioned swashbuckler.

In 1807, Royal Navy Captain Horatio Hornblower (Gregory Peck), commanding the 36-gun frigate HMS Lydia, is on a lengthy secret mission to Central America. He is to provide arms and support to a megalomaniac calling himself "El Supremo" or "The Almighty" (Alec Mango) in his rebellion against Spain, an ally of Britain's enemy France during the Napoleonic Wars. As Hornblower observes to First Lieutenant Bush (Robert Beatty), "War breeds strange allies."

Upon his arrival, the Englishman is told that a larger, much more powerful Spanish warship, the 50-gun Natividad, has been sighted. When it anchors nearby, Hornblower and his crew board and capture it in a surprise nighttime attack. He then reluctantly hands the ship over to El Supremo to appease the madman and they go their separate ways.

Later, he encounters a small Spanish vessel with a pair of troublesome passengers. First, a Spanish official informs him (and provides proof) that Spain has switched sides. Then Lady Barbara Wellesley (Virginia Mayo) "requests" passage back to England for her and her maid. Due to a deadly epidemic raging ashore and her influential relations (she is the fictitious sister of Arthur Wellesley, the future Duke of Wellington), Hornblower is in no position to refuse, even though he has to sink the Natividad. Using masterful tactics, he accomplishes his mission. With the danger gone, the Spaniards insist he leave.

On the voyage back to England, Lady Barbara falls gravely ill and is nursed back to health by him. They spend many enjoyable nights talking and playing whist. They fall in love, but he rejects her advances, explaining that he is married.

After arriving home, he learns that his wife Maria has died. Hornblower is given command of the Sutherland, a powerful ship of the line captured from the French and is assigned to a squadron commanded by Rear Admiral Sir Rodney Leighton (Denis O'Dea), Lady Barbara's pompous new husband. The squadron's mission is to help enforce the British blockade against Napoleonic France.

At a conference on Leighton's flagship, Hornblower urges a wide deployment to counter any sortie of the French Navy in support of Napoleon's campaign on the Iberian Peninsula. However, a suspicious Leighton expressly forbids Hornblower from taking any independent action without his permission.

Hornblower's French-built ship is subsequently mistaken for a friendly vessel by a French ship, making for its easy capture. Hornblower learns the enemy's recognition signal for the day, as well as vital intelligence that four French ships of the line carrying troops and supplies have slipped the blockade and are heading to Spain.

Faced with the urgency of the situation, Hornblower decides on his own initiative to attempt to find and sink the ships. He locates them anchored in a harbour guarded by a well-armed fort. By flying a French flag and the recognition signal, as well as taking advantage of the appearance of his ship's French design, Hornblower fools the garrison into believing that the Sutherland is friendly, enters the harbor unhindered, and proceeds to sink or damage all four enemy ships. The French fort then opens fire, and Hornblower and the rest of the surviving crew have to abandon ship, but not before deliberately sinking the Sutherland in the harbor channel to bottle up the French ships.

The rest of the British squadron arrives shortly afterward to complete the job; Leighton is killed in the ensuing battle. Hornblower and Bush, accompanied by seaman Quist (James Robertson Justice), are taken by carriage to Paris to be tried on the trumped-up charge of espionage and executed. However, they manage to escape en route and make their way to a port. Disguised as Dutch officers, they board The Witch of Endor, a captured British ship, overpower the skeleton crew, free a working party of British prisoners of war to man her and sail away to freedom.

At his mandatory court-martial, Hornblower is acquitted and is hailed as a national hero. With their spouses both deceased, the two lovebirds are free to pursue their romance.


  • Gregory Peck as Captain Horatio Hornblower, R.N.
  • Virginia Mayo as Lady Barbara Wellesley
  • Robert Beatty as First Lieutenant William Bush
  • Terence Morgan as Second Lieutenant Gerard, an officer on the Lydia
  • Moultrie Kelsall as Third Lieutenant Crystal, an officer on the Lydia
  • James Kenney as Midshipman Longley
  • James Robertson Justice as Seaman Quist, who helps Hornblower and Bush escape
  • Denis O'Dea as Rear Admiral Sir Rodney 'Mucho Pomposo' Leighton
  • Richard Hearne as Polwheal, Hornblower's steward
  • Michael Dolan as Surgeon Gundarson
  • Stanley Baker as Mr. Harrison, Hornblower's bosun
  • Alec Mango as El Supremo / Don Julian Alvarado
  • Christopher Lee as the Spanish captain of the Natividad
  • Diane Cilento as the voice of Hornblower's wife Maria, reciting a letter written to him on her deathbed


Captain Horatio Hornblower

Captain Horatio Hornblower


Horatio Hornblower: Collector's Edition

Horatio Hornblower: Collector's Edition


Horatio Hornblower Boxed Set

Horatio Hornblower Boxed Set


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Master and Commander

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The Aubrey–Maturin series is a sequence of nautical historical novels—20 completed and one unfinished—by Patrick O'Brian, set during the Napoleonic Wars and centering on the friendship between Captain Jack Aubrey of the Royal Navy and his ship's surgeon Stephen Maturin, who is also a physician, natural philosopher, and secret agent. The first novel, Master and Commander, was published in 1969 and the last finished novel in 1999.[1] The 21st novel of the series, left unfinished by O'Brian's death in 2000, appeared in print in late 2004. The series received considerable international acclaim and most of the novels reached the The New York Times Best Seller list.[1] These novels comprised the canon of an author often compared to Jane Austen, C. S. Forester and a myriad of other British authors central to the canon.

The 2003 film Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World took material from books in this series, notably Master and Commander, HMS Surprise, The Letter of Marque, The Fortune of War, and particularly The Far Side of the World. Russell Crowe played the role of Jack Aubrey, and Paul Bettany that of Stephen Maturin.


The series

  1. Master and Commander (1970)
  2. Post Captain (1972)
  3. HMS Surprise (1973)
  4. The Mauritius Command (1977)
  5. Desolation Island (1978)
  6. The Fortune of War (1979)
  7. The Surgeon's Mate (1980)
  8. The Ionian Mission (1981)
  9. Treason's Harbour (1983)
  10. The Far Side of the World (1984)
  11. The Reverse of the Medal (1986)
  12. The Letter of Marque (1988)
  13. The Thirteen Gun Salute (1989)
  14. The Nutmeg of Consolation (1991)
  15. Clarissa Oakes (1992) - (The Truelove in the USA)
  16. The Wine-Dark Sea (1993)
  17. The Commodore (1995)
  18. The Yellow Admiral (1996)
  19. The Hundred Days (1998)
  20. Blue at the Mizzen (1999)
  21. The Final Unfinished Voyage of Jack Aubrey (2004) - (21 in the USA)


Patrick O'Brian: The Aubrey / Maturin series: 
Master and Commander (Vol. Book 1)  (Aubrey/Maturin Novels)Master and Commander (Vol. Book 1) (Aubrey/Maturin Novels) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $16.32 / Used from: $6.24
Master and Commander (Movie Tie-In Edition)Master and Commander (Movie Tie-In Edition) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $11.16 / Used from: $0.01
Post Captain ( Book 2 in series)  (Aubrey/Maturin Novels)Post Captain ( Book 2 in series) (Aubrey/Maturin Novels) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $0.01
H. M. S. Surprise (Vol. Book 3)  (Aubrey/Maturin Novels)H. M. S. Surprise (Vol. Book 3) (Aubrey/Maturin Novels) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $0.01
The Mauritius CommandThe Mauritius Command by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $0.90
Desolation Island  (The Aubrey/Maturin Novels, Book 5)Desolation Island (The Aubrey/Maturin Novels, Book 5) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $0.40
The Fortune of War (Vol. Book 6)  (Aubrey/Maturin Novels)The Fortune of War (Vol. Book 6) (Aubrey/Maturin Novels) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $1.26
The Surgeon's Mate (Vol. Book 7)  (Aubrey/Maturin Novels)The Surgeon's Mate (Vol. Book 7) (Aubrey/Maturin Novels) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $1.20
The Ionian Mission (Vol. Book 8)  (Aubrey/Maturin Novels)The Ionian Mission (Vol. Book 8) (Aubrey/Maturin Novels) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $1.33
Treason's Harbour (Vol. Book 9)  (Aubrey/Maturin Novels)Treason's Harbour (Vol. Book 9) (Aubrey/Maturin Novels) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $1.99
The Far Side of the World (Vol. Book 10)  (Aubrey/Maturin Novels)The Far Side of the World (Vol. Book 10) (Aubrey/Maturin Novels) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $0.03
The Reverse of the MedalThe Reverse of the Medal by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $2.75
The Letter of MarqueThe Letter of Marque by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $2.00
The Thirteen-Gun SaluteThe Thirteen-Gun Salute by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $1.79
The Nutmeg of Consolation (Vol. Book 14)  (Aubrey/Maturin Novels)The Nutmeg of Consolation (Vol. Book 14) (Aubrey/Maturin Novels) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $1.99
The Truelove (Aubrey / Maturin Novels, Vol. 15)The Truelove (Aubrey / Maturin Novels, Vol. 15) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $2.20
The Wine-Dark Sea (Vol. Book 16)  (Aubrey/Maturin Novels)The Wine-Dark Sea (Vol. Book 16) (Aubrey/Maturin Novels) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $0.99
The Commodore (Vol. Book 17)  (Aubrey/Maturin Novels)The Commodore (Vol. Book 17) (Aubrey/Maturin Novels) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.04 / Used from: $1.14
The Yellow Admiral (Vol. Book 18)  (Aubrey/Maturin Novels)The Yellow Admiral (Vol. Book 18) (Aubrey/Maturin Novels) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $0.15
The Hundred Days (Vol. Book 19)  (Aubrey/Maturin Novels)The Hundred Days (Vol. Book 19) (Aubrey/Maturin Novels) by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $1.79
Blue at the MizzenBlue at the Mizzen by Patrick O'Brian
Buy new: $10.17 / Used from: $3.24
Patrick O'Brian's Navy: The Illustrated Companion to Jack Aubrey's WorldPatrick O'Brian's Navy: The Illustrated Companion to Jack Aubrey's World by Richard O'Neill
Buy new: $19.80 / Used from: $9.32
The Making of Master and Commander: The Far Side of the WorldThe Making of Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World by Tom McGregor
Buy used from: $4.99
Master and Commander: The Far Side of the WorldMaster and Commander: The Far Side of the World by Iva Davies
Buy new: $13.99 / Used from: $3.81




Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World is a 2003 action/historical drama film directed by Peter Weir, starring Russell Crowe as Jack Aubrey, with Paul Bettany as Stephen Maturin and released by 20th Century Fox, Miramax Films and Universal Studios. It is adapted from three novels in the Aubrey–Maturin series by Patrick O'Brian. The film was nominated for 10 Academy Awards, including Academy Award for Best Picture, and won in two categories, Best Cinematography and Sound Effects Editing.


  • Captain Jack Aubrey .... Russell Crowe
  • Dr. Stephen Maturin .... Paul Bettany
  • First Lt. Thomas Pullings .... James D'Arcy
  • Second Lt. William Mowett .... Edward Woodall
  • Captain Howard, Royal Marines .... Chris Larkin
  • Midshipman William Blakeney .... Max Pirkis
  • Midshipman Boyle .... Jack Randall
  • Midshipman Peter Myles Calamy .... Max Benitz
  • Midshipman Hollom .... Lee Ingleby
  • Midshipman Williamson .... Richard Pates
  • Mr. Allen, Sailing Master .... Robert Pugh
  • Mr. Higgins, Surgeon's Mate .... Richard McCabe
  • Mr. Hollar, Boatswain .... Ian Mercer
  • Mr. Lamb, Carpenter .... Tony Dolan
  • Preserved Killick, Captain's Steward .... David Threlfall
  • Barrett Bonden, Captain's Coxswain.... Billy Boyd
  • Joseph Nagle, Carpenter's Mate .... Bryan Dick
  • William Warley, Captain of Mizzentop .... Joseph Morgan
  • Joe Plaice, Able Seaman .... George Innes
  • Michael Doudle, Able Seaman .... William Mannering
  • Awkward Davies, Able Seaman .... Patrick Gallagher
  • Nehemiah Slade, Able Seaman .... Alex Palmer
  • Mr. Hogg, Whaler .... Mark Lewis Jones
  • Padeen Colman, Loblolly Boy .... John DeSantis
  • Black Bill, Steward's Mate .... Ousmane Thiam
  • Young Sponge....Konstantine Kurelias
  • Captain of the Acheron .... Thierry Segall
  • Private Trollope .... Aidan Black
  • Jemmy Ducks .... Sebastian Grubb

Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World [Blu-ray]Master and Commander - The Far Side of the World (Widescreen Edition)Master and Commander - The Far Side of the World (Full Screen Edition)
Master and Commander: The Far Side of the W...
Master and Commander - The Far Side of the ...
Master and Commander - The Far Side of the ...

Master and Commander - The Far Side of the World (Widescreen Collector's Edition)

Master and Commander - The Far Side of the ...


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Horatio Nelson


Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, KB (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was an English flag officer famous for his service in the Royal Navy, particularly during the Napoleonic Wars. He won several victories, including the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, during which he was killed.

Nelson was born into a moderately prosperous Norfolk family and joined the navy through the influence of his uncle, Maurice Suckling. He rose rapidly through the ranks and served with leading naval commanders of the period before obtaining his own command in 1778. He developed a reputation in the service through his personal valour and firm grasp of tactics but suffered periods of illness and unemployment after the end of the American War of Independence. The outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars allowed Nelson to return to service, where he was particularly active in the Mediterranean. He fought in several minor engagements off Toulon and was important in the capture of Corsica and subsequent diplomatic duties with the Italian states. In 1797, he distinguished himself while in command of HMS Captain at the Battle of Cape St Vincent.

File:Luny Thomas Battle Of The Nile August 1st 1798 At 10pm.jpg

Shortly after the battle, Nelson took part in the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, where his attack was defeated and he was badly wounded, losing his right arm, and was forced to return to England to recuperate. The following year, he won a decisive victory over the French at the Battle of the Nile and remained in the Mediterranean to support the Kingdom of Naples against a French invasion. In 1801, he was dispatched to the Baltic and won another victory, this time over the Danes at the Battle of Copenhagen. He subsequently commanded the blockade of the French and Spanish fleets at Toulon and, after their escape, chased them to the West Indies and back but failed to bring them to battle. After a brief return to England, he took over the Cádiz blockade in 1805. On 21 October 1805, the Franco-Spanish fleet came out of port, and Nelson's fleet engaged them at the Battle of Trafalgar. The battle was Britain's greatest naval victory, but Nelson was hit by a French sharpshooter and mortally wounded. His body was brought back to England where he was accorded a state funeral.

Nelson was noted for his ability to inspire and bring out the best in his men: the 'Nelson touch'. His grasp of strategy and unconventional tactics produced a number of decisive victories. Some aspects of his behaviour were controversial during his lifetime and after: he began a notorious affair with Emma, Lady Hamilton while both were married, which lasted until his death. Also, his actions during the Neapolitan campaign resulted in allegations of excessive brutality. Nelson could at times be vain, insecure and overly anxious for recognition, but he was also zealous, patriotic and dutiful, as well as courageous. He was wounded several times in combat, losing one arm and the sight in one eye. His death at Trafalgar secured his position as one of England's most heroic figures. Numerous monuments, including Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square, London, have been created in his memory and his legacy remains highly influential.


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The War of 1812

File:USS Constitution vs Guerriere.jpg

Coinciding with the War of the Sixth Coalition and not considered part of the Napoleonic Wars by most Americans, the otherwise neutral United States, owing to various transgressions by the British, declared war on the United Kingdom and attempted to invade Canada. The war ended in status quo ante bellum under the Treaty of Ghent, signed on 24 December 1814, though sporadic fighting continued for several months (most notably, the Battle of New Orleans). Apart from the seizing of then-Spanish Mobile by the United States, there was negligible involvement from other participants of the broader Napoleonic War. Notably, a series of British raids, later called the "Burning of Washington," would result in the burning of the White House, the Capitol, the Navy Yard, and other public buildings. The main effect of the War of 1812 on the wider Napoleonic Wars was to force Britain to divert troops, supplies and funds to defending Canada. This inadvertently helped Napoleon in that Britain could no longer use these troops, supplies and funds in the war against France.

The War of 1812 was a war fought between the United States of America and the British Empire – particularly Great Britain and the provinces of British North America, the antecedent of Canada. Lasting from 1812 to 1815, it was fought chiefly on the Atlantic Ocean and on the land, coasts and waterways of North America.

The United States took the initiative in declaring war for multiple reasons. In 1807, Britain introduced a series of trade restrictions to impede on-going American trade with France, Britain's long-time rival. The U.S. contested these restrictions as illegal under international law. Both the impressment of American citizens into the Royal Navy, and Britain's military support of American Indians who were attacking American settlers moving into the Northwest further aggravated tensions. Indian raids hindered the expansion of U.S. into potentially valuable farmlands in the Northwest Territory, comprising the modern states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin. Some British officials – and some dissident Americans – charged that the goal was to annex part of Canada, but they did not specify which part. The states nearest Canada strongly opposed the war.

Most important, the United States sought to uphold its national honour in the face of what they considered to be British insults, such as the Chesapeake affair. Although the British made some concessions before the war on neutral trade, they insisted on the right to reclaim their deserting sailors. The British also had the long-standing goal of creating a large "neutral" Indian state that would cover much of Ohio, Indiana and Michigan. They made the demand as late as the fall of 1814 at the peace conference, but lost control of western Ontario at key battles on Lake Erie, thus giving the Americans control of the proposed neutral zone.

The war was fought in four theatres. Warships and privateers of both sides attacked each other's merchant ships. The British blockaded the Atlantic coast of the U.S. and mounted large-scale raids in the later stages of the war. Battles were also fought on the frontier, which ran along the Great Lakes and Saint Lawrence River and separated the U.S. from Upper and Lower Canada, and along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. During the war, the Americans and British invaded each other's territory. These invasions were unsuccessful or temporary. At the end of the war, the British held parts of Maine and some outposts in the sparsely populated West, while the Americans held Canadian territory near Detroit, but these occupied territories were restored at the end of the war.

In the U.S., battles such as New Orleans and the earlier successful defense of Baltimore (which inspired the lyrics of the U.S. national anthem, The Star-Spangled Banner) produced a sense of euphoria over a "second war of independence" against Britain. It ushered in an "Era of Good Feelings," in which the partisan animosity that had once verged on treason practically vanished. Canada also emerged from the war with a heightened sense of national feeling and solidarity. Britain, which had regarded the war as a sideshow to the Napoleonic Wars raging in Europe, was less affected by the fighting; its government and people subsequently welcomed an era of peaceful relations and trade with the U.S.

Article continued below: The Buccaneer!

File:Ft. Henry bombardement 1814.jpg

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The Buccaneer

The Buccaneer [1938]

The Buccaneer is a 1938 American adventure film made by Paramount Pictures. It was produced and directed by Cecil B. DeMille from a screenplay by Harold Lamb, Edwin Justus Mayer and C. Gardner Sullivan adapted by Jeanie Macpherson from the novel Lafitte the Pirate by Lyle Saxon. The music score was by George Antheil and the cinematography by Victor Milner.

The film stars Fredric March, Franciska Gaal and Akim Tamiroff with Margot Grahame, Walter Brennan, Ian Keith, Spring Byington, Douglass Dumbrille, Beulah Bondi and Anthony Quinn.

Cecil B. DeMille remade the film in 1958 in Technicolor and VistaVision with the same title, but because of ill health, he allowed Henry Wilcoxon, his longtime friend and associate, to produce it, and the film was directed by Anthony Quinn. DeMille received no screen credit, but did make a personal appearance in the prologue to the film, much as he did in The Ten Commandments. The 1958 version of The Buccaneer stars Yul Brynner, Charles Boyer and Claire Bloom, with Charlton Heston as Andrew Jackson. Douglass Dumbrille appeared in both versions.

It is one of the few pre-1950 sound films by Paramount to remain under that studio's ownership (partly so the remake could be filmed), whereas most films from that era had been sold to EMKA, Ltd. - now Universal Studios - in the early television era.

The Buccaneer [1938]

The Buccaneer [1938]



File:The Buccaneer 007.jpeg

The Buccaneer is a 1958 film, made by Paramount Pictures and shot in Technicolor and VistaVision. It takes place during the War of 1812, and tells a heavily fictionalized version of how the pirate Jean Lafitte helped in the Battle of New Orleans and how he had to choose between fighting for America or for the side most likely to win, Great Britain.

The film is a remake of the 1938 film of the same name which starred Fredric March and Akim Tamiroff. The 1938 version was produced and directed by Cecil B. DeMille, but he was seriously ill by the time the 1958 version was made, so he was only the executive producer on that version, leaving his then son-in-law, Anthony Quinn, to direct. It was the only film that Quinn ever directed. Henry Wilcoxon, DeMille's long-time friend, who made frequent appearances in his films, was the actual producer, and DeMille did not receive screen credit, though students of his films would probably say that his touch is obvious throughout the film. Nevertheless, DeMille was unhappy with the film and tried unsuccessfully to improve it; critical response was generally unfavorable, despite some impressive battle scenes.

The 1958 film stars Yul Brynner as Lafitte, Charles Boyer in the Akim Tamiroff role and Claire Bloom. Charlton Heston plays a supporting role as Andrew Jackson. It was the second time that Heston had played Jackson, having portrayed him earlier in the film The President's Lady. Also featured in the cast are Inger Stevens, Henry Hull, E.G. Marshall, Lorne Greene, Ted de Corsia, Ed Hinton, and Douglass Dumbrille.

Possibly as a film tie-in, Johnny Horton had a big success with his version of The Battle of New Orleans.

THE BUCCANEER (NTSC All Region Import) Yul Brynner, Claire Bloom, Anthony Quinn, Charles Boyer

THE BUCCANEER (NTSC All Region Import) Yul ...


Buccaneer [VHS]

Buccaneer [VHS]




Jean Lafitte (ca. 1776 – ca. 1823) was a pirate and privateer in the Gulf of Mexico in the early 19th century. He and his elder brother, Pierre, spelled their last name Laffite, but English-language documents of the time used "Lafitte," and this is the commonly seen spelling in the United States, including for places named for him.

Lafitte is believed to have been born either in France or the French colony of Saint-Domingue. By 1805, he operated a warehouse in New Orleans to help disperse the goods smuggled by his brother Pierre Lafitte. After the United States government passed the Embargo Act of 1807, the Lafittes moved their operations to an island in Barataria Bay. By 1810, their new port was very successful; the Lafittes pursued a successful smuggling operation and also started to engage in piracy.

Though Lafitte tried to warn of a British attack, the American authorities invaded Barataria in 1814 and captured most of Lafitte's fleet. In return for a pardon, Lafitte helped General Andrew Jackson defend New Orleans against the British in 1815. The Lafittes then became spies for the Spanish and moved to Galveston Island where they developed the colony there.

Lafitte continued pirating around Central American ports until he died trying to capture Spanish vessels in 1823. Speculation around his death and life continue amongst historians.

Painting of stern-faced man with Guy Fawkes' style black hat. His right hand holds the handle of a dagger tucked into a cloak hanging from his left shoulder.


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CLICK HERE for Plot Details, and to Read the Introduction and First Three Chapters!




Product Details (From

  • Paperback: 350 pages
  • Publisher: CreateSpace (November 30, 2009)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1449913172
  • ISBN-13: 978-1449913175
  • Product Dimensions: 9 x 6 x 0.9 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.3 pounds



"Nicely done. I really enjoyed the history in the introduction and the duel is well written. Best of luck with the novel!" ~ Author David Lee Summers, author of five books: Vampires of the Scarlet Order, The Solar Sea, and the "Old Star" science fiction series: The Pirates of Sufiro, Children of the Old Stars, and Heirs of the New Earth.

"Very exciting read! Felt like I was there witnessing the action!" ~ Candle Artist Jfay,

"I really enjoyed the humour and really laughed, not at Monsieur de la Donaree but with Monsieur de la Donaree! I dont know if you wrote it in this spirit but if you had a bit of Molière in you, I would not be surprised! He knew how to study people and would turn situations into a comic play! I laughed out loud, this is a gem! Not only de la Donaree is a fine sword, he has also a fine nose when it comes to pinpoint personalities, I'm talking about the Inkeeper and his situation with the wife here!! The second part is indeed in pure swashbuckling spirit, in rhythm and enthusiasm! And the end is a cliff-hanger! The beginning is "cocasse" (funny) as they might have said then in Gascony, and witty! Indeed Alexandre Dumas had a sense of humour too and satirically created at least one of his character ( in another book) to a character made up by Molière in one of his comic play. And Molière also took his inspiration from Dumas' s Musketeers and "The Man in the Iron Mask." I liked it! I had fun while reading this chapter about Monsieur de la Donaree, as while following the spirit of the Musketeers you gave a contemporary touch to the text!" ~ Artist Nicole Marques,

"Hurrah, Ted! I gleefully await the next installment! LOVE the romantic stuff! Bring it on! There are few things in this world I like better than a hot Viscount. Keep going, Ted! Bravo! Keep writing! I can't wait to read more! But it is par for the course as I am also a writer. Keep in touch!" ~ Author Genella de Grey, author of "Remember Me."

"Wow - What a wonderful beginning. As a whole, you have a unique way of writing & you captivated me by a few sentences peaking my interest to continue. For instance: ...hazed by the early morning mist...I love it! I look forward to reading the next chapter. You've gained my interest. That was impresive & informative. You've still got the hook in & I'm dangling to hear more. Thanks for the sneak peak." ~ Aspiring Author R.F.Taylor: Rianna

"Well done. Chapter One entices the reader craving more. I will look for The Adventures of Monsieur de La Donaree the Musketeer on the web. Keep up the excellent writing..." ~