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New Menu Selections For Gascon Adventurer:


 CYRANO DE BERGERAC (poet, swordsman, musician)

MILADY (The Real Evil Agent of the Cardinal from the pages of History)

GATIEN DE COURTILZ DE SANDRAS (Author of the Memoirs of D'Artagnan)

RALPH NEVILL (English Translator of the Memoirs of D'Artagnan)

ACTUAL MUSKETEER LETTERS (A rare look into the Musketeer past)

DONAREE THE MUSKETEER (New Musketeer Novel by Ted Anthony Roberts)

MUSKETEER STORIES (Started novels by Ted Anthony Roberts)

ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON (His views on Le Vicomte de Bragelonne)







There have been three distinctive d'Artagnan's in the past . . . . is that correct? Yes, but perhaps not in the way that you are thinking. There is, of course, the d'Artagnan from actual history, who lived somewhere from around 1615 or 1620, until he died in 1673 A.D. (which makes one); then there is the half-fictional, half-non-fictional d'Artagnan that we find developed by the pen of author Gatien de Courtilz de Sandras in 1700 A.D., in his rare work: "Memoirs of d'Artagnan" (which makes two); and, finally, there is the total fictionalized d'Artagnan that was developed by the master-storyteller: Alexandre Dumas in 1845 A.D., in his famous novel: "The Three Musketeers." 


Seemingly three different men, yet only one fascinating character!

To see how this life worked, I am providing a timeline that will illustrate the usage of the Three d'Artagnan's in history, along with other interesting history.





Castelmore (future home of d’Artagnan) is bought by d’Artagnan’s ancestor Arnaud de Batz.




Savinien de Cyrano, Mauvieres Bergerac Saint–Laurent, the grandfather of the famous Cyrano de Bergerac, is recorded as a secretary to the King.



Aug – birth of George Villiers, the 1st Duke of Buckingham, English statesman, was a younger son of Sir George Villiers of Brooksby. His mother was Mary, daughter of Anthony Beaumont of Glenfield, Leicestershire.



File:Entrance of Henry IV in Paris 22 March 1594.jpg

Entrance of Henry IV into Paris, 22 March 1594, with 1,500 dragoons. 



Birth of Athos, according to Dumas, in a province other than Gascony. Courtilz has him being a Gascon, as the real Athos was.



Birth of Porthos, according to Dumas, in a province other than Gascony. Courtilz has him being a Gascon, as the real Porthos was. Courtilz also has Athos, Porthos and Aramis being brothers, but they were not.


Birth of Aramis, according to Dumas, in a province other than Gascony. Courtilz has him being a Gascon, as the real Aramis was.



King Henri IV. of France employs a personal bodyguard for his protection. Arming them with firearms called carbines, they become known as Carbineers; they are an elite group of soldiers for their king. This begins a golden era for France.

 King Henri IV.



Bertrand de Batz (d’Artagnan’s father) inherits Castelmore.



Feb. - Bertrand de Batz (d’Artagnan’s father) marries Francoise de Montesquiou d’Artagnan.



Young Louis XIII, after his father is assassinated, becomes king in France. Marie de Medicis (Louis’ mother) becomes Queen Regent.

 Marie de Medicis



Birth of D'Artagnan, in Gascony, according to Dumas.



August - George Villiers, future Duke of Buckingham, was presented for the first time to king James I.

 King James I. of England



April 23 – George Villiers, future Duke of Buckingham, was promoted to be Gentleman of the Bedchamber of king James I.


April 24 – the knighting of George Villiers, future Duke of Buckingham.


Marriage of Louis XIII and Anne of Austria.

 Anne of Austria


Birth of Nicolas Fouquet, future superintendant of France for King Louis XIV.

 Nicolas Fouquet



Birth of d'Athos, in Gascony, according to history. Athos is a cousin to both Aramis and Monsieur de Treville, captain of the Musketeers for Louis.


Birth of Henri d'Aramitz (Aramis), in Gascony, according to history


Birth of Isaac de Portau (Porthos), in Pau, Gascony, according to history. The real Porthos has no family relations with any of his friends. Though he did come from a town close to one that d'Artagnan came from. They two, more than likely, really were excellent friends in real life. They were both Guards at the same time, and both entered into the Musketeers almost at the same time. Athos and Aramis were already Musketeers at the time that d'Artagnan and Porthos were Guards.



Jan 3rd - George Villiers, future Duke of Buckingham became Master of the Horse


April 24 - George Villiers, future Duke of Buckingham received the Order of the Garter 


Aug 27 -  George Villiers, future Duke of Buckingham was created Viscount Villiers and Baron Waddon, receiving a grant of land valued at £80,000.


Birth of Beaufort.

 François de Bourbon, Duke of Beaufort


 King Louis XIII in 1616



Jan 5th - George Villiers, future Duke of Buckingham was made Earl


Louis XIII assumes power.



Beginning of The Thirty Years’ War, a complicated religious, economic, and military struggle.

 The Thirty Years War



Jan - George Villiers, future Duke of Buckingham was made Marquess of Buckingham. With the exception of the Earl of Pembroke he was the richest nobleman in England.


Jan 19 - George Villiers, future Duke of Buckingham was made Lord High Admiral of England.



March 6 - Birth of Cyrano de Bergerac, in Paris (not Gascony as thought).

 Cyrano de Bergerac


Birth of Colbert – future minister of Louis XIV.

 Jean-Baptiste Colbert



Under Louis, the company of Carbineers are handed Muskets instead of Carbines, and then for the first time in history this bodyguard company becomes known as the famous King's Musketeers (Mousquetaires du Roi), being a separate elite unit of soldiers from the ordinary infantry foot soldier who also, in times of war, weild a musket firearm, and who are known simply as a musketeer (a soldier carrying a musket).


Birth of Moliere – the great play-write, and competition of Cyrano de Bergerac.

 Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, Molière



Birth of Charles de Batz, Castelmore D'Artagnan, in Gascony. The real d'Artagnan - according to history and Courtilz.





Cardinal Richelieu becomes the first Prime Minister of France at age 39.

 Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu, Cardinal-Duc de Richelieu



March 27 - Death of England’s King James I (assumed producer of the famous King James Bible of 1611). Charles I becomes England’s new king, and marries Henrietta of France.

 Charles I. of England



The Three Musketeers By: Alexandre Dumas. Fictional d'Artagnan's first adventures at age 18 with his three friends: Athos, Porthos and Aramis. Athos is revealed as the fictional Comte de La Fere.

Selection from our Swash-Store:

The Three Musketeers (Oxford World's Classics)The Three Musketeers (Oxford World's Classics) by Alexandre Dumas
Buy new: $10.36 / Used from: $7.95
Beginning of the d'Artagnan romances (the feats and fortunes of a gascon adventurer) by Alexandre Dumas. Perhaps the greatest cloak & Dagger story ever written!



Birth of Saint-Mars (future jailor).

 Bénigne d'Auvergne de Saint-Mars



The seige of La Rochelle, of which the d'Artagnan of Dumas participates. The real d'Artagnan is too young for such an enterprise.

Siege of La Rochelle 1881 Henri Motte 1846 1922.jpg The seige of La Rochelle, with Richelieu in the foreground


June 27 – George Villiers, The Duke of Buckingham, sailed from Portsmouth at the head of a numerous fleet, and a considerable land force, to relieve the besieged city.

File:Landing of Buckingham in Sablanceau.jpg

Landing of Buckingham in Sablanceau 

Oct 29 - Buckingham is driven to retreat with heavy losses, only 2,989 troops out of nearly 7,000 returns to England.



Aug 23 - Assassination of George Villiers, the Duke of Buckingham, by the hand of a puritan fanatic named John Felton, a disgruntled soldier whose pension had been curtailed, walked 60 miles to Portsmouth so he could stab Buckingham with a butcher’s knife. Waiting beside the door of the room in which Buckingham was breakfasting, he stabbed him to the heart as he came out. The Duke was 36 years old.



Day of the Dupes, when most thought Louis XIII would banish Richelieu, especially the Queen Mother Marie de Medicis. It was Marie, Louis’ own mother, who got banished!


Cardinal Richelieu forms his own personal bodyguards – popularly called “The Cardinal’s Guards.” Francois de Cavoye is named captain of Richelieu’s guards.


Birth of Charles of England – future King Charles II.

Baby in white christening robe Charles II. as an infant


D'Artagnan, the Sequel to the Three Musketeers By: H. Bedford Jones. Immediately following Dumas' novel, d'Artagnan, as Lieutenant of Musketeers, helps Athos get a child, who turns out to be the Vicomte de Bragalonne. Aramis and Porthos have already left, according to Dumas. Athos, with child, now leaves.


Les Deux Mousquetaires [The Two Musketeers] (1954) by Paul-Yves Sébillot. In 1630, D'Artagnan and a new heroic young musketeer named Kernador accomplish various daring missions for Richelieu, including the securing of a super-gun and the thwarting the Spanish spies who are trying to steal it. In a guest-spot, ten-year-old Cyrano helps D'Artagnan.



Founding of La Gazette.



Birth of Lauzun – future prisoner of whom d’Artagnan would guard.

 Antoine Nompar de Caumont, marquis de Puyguilhem, duc de Lauzun



March 10 - an older brother of d’Artagnan’s, also named Charles, is mentioned in the Musketeer rolls.



Monsieur de Treville is made the Captain-Lieutenant of the Musketeers. The position of Captain-Commander is reserved for Louis XIII.

 Jean-Armand du Peyrer, Comte de Troisville (or Tresville), Monsieur de Tréville



Outbreak of war between France and Spain.



Spanish invasion of France.



D'Artagnan, the King Maker By: Henry L. Williams. More adventures of D'Artagnan, now alone.

Selection from our Swash-Store:

D'Artagnan: The King Maker
D'Artagnan: The King Maker
by Alexandre Dumas



La Jeunesse de Cyrano [Young Cyrano] (1905) by Henry de Gorse & J. Jacquin. In 1637, young Cyrano has come to Paris seeking fortune and before the tavern of the Caveau located rue de Buci meets the dashing D'Artagnan.



Sept. 5 - King Louis XIII and Anne of Austria have a son, whom they also name Louis, he is to become the future Louis XIV., France's greatest king. The real as well as the fictional d'Artagnan, is to become a lifelong personal bodyguard to this new king.

 Young Louis, future Louis XIV.



The Memoirs of D'Artagnan By: Gatien de Courtilz de Sandras, Translated by: Ralph Nevill. Part I: The Cadet. The supposed memoirs of d'Artagnan, supposedly by his own hand. Possibly fake memoirs, yet with some astonishingly accurate material.


Early in the year – possible arrival of Athos, Porthos and Aramis into Paris. Athos and Aramis join the Musketeers (having a pull by their relation Treville). Porthos enters the Guards, and is soon joined by d’Artagnan there when he arrives in May.


Mid-May – possible arrival date (according to Courtilz) of d’Artagnan into Paris.


June 13 – march of French army to the town of Arras - the scene of the famous siege, in which d’Artagnan and Cyrano de Bergerac takes a part in.


Death of the real Baron Christophe de Neuvillette (famous character in Rostand’s play of Cyrano de Bergerac, and husband of Roxanne), killed at the siege of Arras.


Birth of Monsieur (Philippe) [Philippe I. de France, fils de France, Duke of Orléans], the young future king’s brother.

File:Portrait of King Louis XIV and his Brother, Duc D'Orleans.jpg

Left: future Louis XIV, right: Philippe 


Birth of Matthioli – a future suspect of being the Man in the Iron Mask – but further research is later to prove that he was not.


Paul d’Artagnan (eldest brother of our d’Artagnan) is recorded as serving in the Musketeers.


When D'Artagnan was young By: Lucien Pemjean, follows the memoirs of d'Artagnan, claiming to be the actual events of the real d'Artagnan's life.

Selections from our Swash-Store:

When d'Artagnan was young,
by Lucien Pemjean


Cyrano de Bergerac, Acts I-IV By: Edmund Rostand. Cyrano's first BRIEF meeting with d'Artagnan. D'Artagnan congradulates Cyrano on a well fought duel. "Who is that?" asks Cyrano to his friend, after d'Artagnan has already left. "Oh, d'Artagnan." is the simple reply.   

Selections from our Swash-Store:  

Cyrano De BergeracCyrano de Bergerac: by Edmund Rostand translated by Anthony Burgess (Applause Books)Cyrano de Bergerac (Penguin Classics)
Cyrano De Bergerac
by Edmond Rostand
Cyrano de Bergerac: by Edmund Rostand trans...
by Edmund Rostand
Cyrano de Bergerac (Penguin Classics)
by Edmond Rostand


Cyrano, written By: H. Bedford Jones

Selections from our Swash-Store:
Cyrano by H Bedford-Jones      

CYRANO by H. [Henry James O'Brien] Bedford-Jones


The King's Passport By: H. Bedford Jones, Follows along with the memoirs of d'Artagnan. This time, as history proves, d'Artagnan is now younger than Cyrano. As an answer to Paul Feval's "The Mysterious Cavalier" H. Bedford Jones has Cyrano and d'Artagnan fight a duel in the dark, with the roles reversed (see "The Mysterious Cavalier"). Cyrano has his sword in a sheath while dueling with a young d'Artagnan. Cyrano wins this duel, whereas, according to Paul Feval, d'Artagnan was the victor.

Selections from our Swash-Store:

The king's passport,
by H Bedford-Jones

by H. [Henry James O'Brien] Bedford-Jones

by H. [Henry James O'Brien] Bedford-Jones



Birth of Louvois – future minister of war, under King Louis XIV.

 François Michel Le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois




The Years Between Series, D'Artagnan against Cyrano By: Paul Feval and M. Lassez

Part I: The Mysterious Cavalier. In here, d'Artagnan fights Cyrano in the dark, after having caught Cyrano off guard. Cyrano angry fights with d'Artagnan, as d'Artagnan's sword still is in its sheath, for he promised the new Cardinal Mazarin that he wouldn't draw his sword in a duel. This causes Cyrano to really dislike d'Artagnan. This is what sparked H. Bedford Jones to write a similar situation in "The King's Passport." Also, everyone wants to know who the mysterious cavalier is, a young man of about 16 years, and who becomes good friends with Cyrano. Part II: Martyr to the Queen. The young mysterious cavalier continues his adventures, still trying to learn who he is. Part III: The Secret of the Bastille. The mysterious cavalier is placed in prison, they apply a name to him in the registers: The Cavalier Ningun, meaning NOBODY in Latin.  Part IV: The Heir to Buckingham. Finally, it is revealed who the mysterious cavalier is.

Selections from our Swash-Store:

The Mysterious Cavalier
by Paul Feval

by Paul Feval and M. Lassez

The Secret Of The Bastille, (his The Years ...
by Paul Feval

The Heir Of Buckingham
by Paul Feval



English Civil War breaks out.


Cardinal Richelieu recommends his protege Mazarin to the king as a good candidate for the position of Prime Minister just before Richelieu dies. Louis complies.

 Giulio Raimondo Mazarino, Jules Mazarin


Execution of Louis XIII’s favorite – Cinq-Mars.

Henri Coiffier de Ruzé, Marquis of Cinq-Mars.jpg Henri Coiffier de Ruzé, Marquis de Cinq-Mars




Dec 4 - Cardinal Richelieu dies at age 57. Mazarin officially becomes the new Prime Minsiter.



May 14 - King Louis XIII dies, aged 41, leaving an heir to the throne (Louis XIV) who was aged 4 years. Anne, at the request of Louis, becomes Queen Regent, until the boy king is of age to rule.


Beaufort is imprisoned by Mazarin at the prison of Vincennes.


Moliere forms an acting company.

 Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, Molière


Louis XIV, aged 5, is announced King. Anne will be Regent for some years to come.


Paul d’Artagnan (d’Artagnan’s eldest brother) is recorded as a Captain in the French Guards.



Le Beau d'Artagnan et son Époque [The Handsome D'Artagnan & His Times] (1930) by Ch. Quinel et A. de Montgon. This is a compendium of various adventures of D'Artagnan, saving the Queen and her children, infiltrating the rebellion, spying on the British, romancing Madame de Tourny, etc. In an early chapter, D'Artagnan has returned in disgrace to his Gascony castle and is visited by his friend Cyrano, with whom he duels and reminisces about the good old days.



The Memoirs of D'Artagnan By: Gatien de Courtilz de Sandras, Translated by: Ralph Nevill. Part II: The Lieutenant. Covers the years of d'Artagnan's service to Mazarin, he became known in history as "Mazarin's Creature." Courtilz gives his ideas (claiming them as to being d'Artagnan's ideas) of how that title came about.



Moliere and company leave Paris.



Jan 26 – Musketeers disbanded at Mazarin’s request – who highly dislikes Captain Treville.


Paul d’Artagnan (d’Artagnan’s eldest brother) retires from the military service to take over as heir to Castelmore in Gascony.


Jean d’Artagnan (an older brother of d’Artagnan) survives a dangerous illness in Paris.


June 28 – d’Artagnan delivers a message to Paris from Mazarin who is in Flanders.



Oct. 24 – Ending of the Thirty Years War in Europe.


Beaufort escapes from Vincennes.



The first Fronde (Civil War) in France is launched. It is the Princes (Louis XIII's brothers, Conde, d'Orleans, Beaufort, against Mazarin and the Queen.) Both sides claim to be fighting for the boy King, but in reality, the Princes wanted him out of the way.

File:Episode of the Fronde at the Faubourg Saint-Antoine by the Walls of the Bastille.png

The Fronde 



Twenty Years After (Twenty Years After the events of The Three Musketeers) By: Alexandre Dumas. Covers the Civil Wars in France (the Fronde) and the Civil War in England, which took place at the same time. D'Artagnan reunites with his three musketeer friends, and they are faced with a surprising new enemy. Mazarin is now Prime Minister.

Selection from our Swash-Store:

Twenty Years After (Oxford World's Classics)

Twenty Years After (Oxford World's Classics)
by Alexandre Dumas



Jan 6 – Mazarin, Queen Anne, young Louis and d’Artagnan leave Paris under the cover of darkness to Saint-Germain – incognito.


Execution of Charles I.



Comrades at Arms and A Salute to Cyrano - D'Artagnan and Cyrano reconciled (now friends) By: Paul Feval. Finally, d'Artagnan and Cyrano becomes friends (we all wanted it to happen!) These final stories by Paul Feval are well written (like his first four novels). In these stories, d'Artagnan incredibly meets up with the Man in the Iron Mask, years before he meets him again in "Le Vicomte de Bragalonne." 2 parts in English (stated above) 3 parts in French, as follows: part I: 1649-50, part II: 1651-52, part III: 1653-55 - Ending with the death of Cyrano de Bergerac, as also witnessed in act V of Cyrano de Bergerac by Edmund Rostand.

Selections from our Swash-Store:

Comrades at Arms
by Paul FEVAL

Salute to Cyrano
by Paul Feval



Beginning of the second Fronde.


Jean d’Artagnan (an older brother of d’Artagnan) becomes Captain in the Persan Regiment.


Sept. – d’Artagnan carries dispatches between Mazarin and Hugues de Lionne, the Queen’s household secretary.

 Hugues de Lionne


Dec. – d’Artagnan took a letter of congratulations from Mazarin to Marechal de Plessis, who won a victory over anti-Mazarin troops.



April – Mazarin took up residence at the castle Bruhl.


Sept 8 - Louis XIV, aged 13, announces his mother is no longer Queen Regent, and he takes the reigns of government himself.


Nov. – Queen Anne recalls Mazarin back to Paris.



Beaufort is banished.


Summer & Autumn – Turenne is engaged upon putting down Frondeur activity in Champagne.

 Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne



Aug. – Mazarin goes back into exile again.



End of the Second Fronde, Louis XIV, aged 14, marches triumphantly into Paris.


Feb. – Mazarin comes back to Paris, after being recalled by the young king.


Fouquet is announced the minister of finance.


Oliver Cromwell becomes the Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland.

 Oliver Cromwell


The tragedy of “Agrippine, veuve de Germanicus,” written by Cyrano de Bergerac, is being performed on stage.



April – d’Artagnan appointed Captain of the Aviary in the Garden of the Tuileries.

 The Tuileries, in the 17th century


June 7 – Louis XIV is crowned with full ceremony. Official end of the Fronde.


June – d’Artagnan joins campaign against the Spanish Netherlands.


July – d’Artagnan receives a new position of Captain of the Guards of the company of Fourille, which costs him 80,000 livres – so he has to sell his office of Captain of the Royal Aviary.


Summer – d’Artagnan involved in the besieging of the town of Stenay. D’Artagnan receives a serious wound, which catches Mazarin’s attention, but he fully recovers.


Cyrano de Bergerac dedicates the edition of his "Miscellaneous Works" to the Duc d'Arpajon.


Publication of “The Letters of Cyrano de Bergerac.”


The tragedy of “Agrippine, veuve de Germanicus,” written by Cyrano de Bergerac, is published.



Cyrano de Bergerac, Act V (The death of Cyrano) By Edmund Rostand. Cyrano does die in this year.


Summer – d’Artagnan fights in the sieges of Landrecies and of Saint-Ghislain.



d’Artagnan fights in the siege of Valenciennes.


Publication of “The Voyage to the Moon” by Cyrano de Bergerac, a year after Cyrano's death. Was actually written in about 1649 or 1650.

Selection from our Swash-Store:

Voyages to the Moon and the Sun (New Travellers' Companion Series)

Voyages to the Moon and the Sun (New Travel...
by Cyrano de Bergerac



Jan. 10 – Louis XIV. reforms the Musketeers. Mazarin’s fifteen year old nephew, Philippe Mancini, Duke de Nevers, is announced the Lieutenant (which at this time is the commanding position of the whole corps under the king being captain), and a certain Isaac de Baas (no relation to the Batz’s) is announced Mancini’s sub-lieutenant. Baas didn’t work out, so Mazarin recalls d’Artagnan back from the fighting in 1658, to give him Isaac de Baas place in the ranks.



May 26 – at Mardyck, d’Artagnan is announced the sub-lieutenant of the Musketeers, in order to support and help the young Mancini. However, Mancini finds no interest in his post, and d’Artagnan becomes acting commander, but still has the second in command position.


Summer - finds the Musketeers, with d’Artagnan included, fighting in the battle of Dunes and the siege of Dunkirk.


Autumn – the Musketeers are sent back to Paris to guard the king.


Moliere and company return back to Paris.


Death of Oliver Cromwell.


Besmaux (old Musketeer companion of d’Artagnan’s) is appointed governor of the Bastille.



War between Spain and France ends.


March 5 – contract of marriage for d’Artagnan to new bride is signed.


April 3 – d’Artagnan marries Charlotte-Anne de Chanlecy, lady of Sainte-Croix, at a Paris church – Saint-Andre-des-Arts.


Aug. – Mazarin sets up a marriage for Louis XIV., so the court, including the new husband d’Artagnan (without his new wife), proceed to meet the royal bride-to-be, Maria-Theresa, at the border of Spain. D’Artagnan is in charge of security on the trip.


Louis XIV, just before meeting his bride to be!



A second company of Musketeers are formed of Mazarin’s own guard. A certain Monsieur de Marsac is announced its captain-lieutenant.


Restoration of the crown of Charles II, who returns to England in triumph.

Charles wearing a crown and ermine-lined cape Charles II. in his Coronation robes


April 25 – the royal proceedings (still advancing toward the border of Spain to pick up the royal bride to be) passes through Vic-Fezensac, just a little ways from Lupiac (the town that d’Artagnan grew up in), and then they moved even closer toward Lupiac – hence just a little ways from Castelmore. It’s possible that d’Artagnan might have met up with his older brother Paul at this time, who was still lord of that small castle – d’Artagnan’s boyhood home.


May 8 – the court moves into the town of Saint-Jean-de-Luz.

France-Saint-Jean-de-Luz-2005-08-05.jpg Saint-Jean-de-Luz, at the waterfront


June 6 – final peace between Spain and France.


June 9 – Marriage of Louis XIV and Maria-Theresa.


June 15 – the move back to Paris for the court.


Aug. 26 – the court is now back in Paris. D’Artagnan and his musketeers look splendid on their entry into the city, who are guarding the king. Even d’Artagnan is recorded in the Gazette de France as: “entirely well presented, and on a valuable horse.” D’Artagnan now returns home to his wife, and their newly born baby (which was born in his absence); they live between the Quai-Malaquais and the Rue du Bac.


1660-64 to 73 

Le Vicomte de Bragalonne (or Ten Years Later, being Ten Years Later after Twenty Years After) By: Alexandre Dumas. The story of how young Raoul (the vicomte, and being the son of Athos) spends his few years upon this earth. We first met him in "D'Artagnan, the sequel to the Three Musketeers," and met him again in "Twenty Years After." Now he is grown up, and we see his struggles to try and keep his love alive between him and Louise de La Valliere, whom we also met in "Twenty Years After," for she, at this time, has eyes for young Louis XIV, who is also of age now. This follows the declining years of the four friends, and ends in dramatic and sorrowful deaths of Athos, Porthos and d'Artagnan. Only Aramis then remains. In 3 or 4 parts in English, as follows: part I: Le Vicomte de Bragalonne; part II: (sometimes) Ten Years Later; part III: Louise de La Valliere; part IV: The Man in the Iron Mask.

Selections from our Swash-Store:

The Vicomte de Bragelonne (Oxford World's Classics)The Vicomte de Bragelonne (Oxford World's Classics) by Alexandre Dumas père
Buy new: $12.71 / Used from: $0.98
3rd of the d'Artagnan romances.

Louise de la Vallière (Oxford World's Classics)Louise de la Vallière (Oxford World's Classics) by Alexandre Dumas
Buy new: $10.85 / Used from: $8.66
4th of the d'Artagnan romances.
The Man in the Iron Mask (Oxford World's Classics)The Man in the Iron Mask (Oxford World's Classics) by Alexandre Dumas père
Buy used from: $0.33
Last of the d'Artagnan romances by Dumas.



March 9 - Cardinal Mazarin dies, but tells Louis before dying not to have any other Prime Minister, but to rule himself, and to keep only a panel of advisors. Mazarin's protégé, Colbert, becomes an excellent advisor to the young king. Upon Mazarin's death bed, Mazarin tells Louis, "Sire, I owe everything to you; but I pay my debt . . . by giving you Colbert."


Louise de La Valliere becomes a mistress to Louis XIV.


July 5 – d’Artagnan’s second son, born just a little before, is baptized. D’Artagnan is not present at this baptism service, for he and Charlotte are now separated over differences in their marriage. She is now living at her château at Chalon.


Aug. – Nicolas Fouquet, superintendent of finances, throws an extravagant party at the château of vax-le-vicomte – which is an extraordinary château, filled with gardens and fountains, which were purchased with the money out of Louis XIV’s coffers. Fouquet bravely invites Louis XIV to his party, and shows off his riches!


Aug 29 – the king, along with d’Artagnan, leaves for Nantes.


Aug. 30 - Fouquet joins the king in Nantes, despite being ill.


Sept 1 – d’Artagnan is summoned to Louis XIV, who wishes for him to arrest Fouquet on the grounds of embezzlement. D’Artagnan begs out of it, for extreme illness has hit him as well. Louis tells him to do the arrest when he feels better.


Sept 4 – d’Artagnan, now better, returns to the king’s private chambers, where he receives the official orders for Fouquet’s arrest.


Sept. 5 - Nicolas Fouquet, superintendent of finances, was accused of embezzlement, and d'Artagnan carries out Louis XIV’s orders to arrest him.


Sept 7 – d’Artagnan and Fouquet arrive at Angers – where Fouquet was to be held prisoner.


Sept. - Colbert becomes the new Finance Minister. And in years to come, he would almost have the rank of a Cardinal. He was as close to Louis XIV as Mazarin was, and as Richelieu was to Louis XIII. His advancements of many posts was quick, for Louis had all the confidence in the world in him.


Sept 17 – d’Artagnan writes (perhaps to Colbert): “I am looking for a bed for him [Fouquet], that in which he sleeps not being satisfactory.” Colbert sends him the money needed.


Dec. 1 – d’Artagnan and Fouquet leave Angers.


Dec. 3 – d’Artagnan delivers Fouquet to Amboise, into the care of a new jailor named Talhouet. D’Artagnan then proceeds to the Bastille in Paris, with another prisoner in tow – a friend of Fouquet’s, named Pellisson, who he had also brought with him from Angers, and who had also been arrested in Nantes.


Dec 12 – Pellisson is safely delivered to the Bastille.



Jan 4 – d’Artagnan (after Talhouet proves a bad jailor) has to guard over Fouquet once again. He arrives at Vincennes, where Fouquet had just been delivered, to take over as jailor once again. Legal processes against Fouquet now begin, and two commissioners and one secretary begin their interrogation. Also, certain privileges are given to him, including, at d’Artagnan’s request, being able to hear Mass daily; to be allowed to write to his wife, under d’Artagnan’s supervision; and to be able to take walks, when there is good weather, onto the terrace of the castle, with d’Artagnan at his side.


June – Fouquet prepares his defense.


Sept. – d’Artagnan is announced a godfather to the daughter of Louis de Laurens, captain of the Piemont Regiment.


Oct – Fouquet receives lawyers for his defense, but d’Artagnan had to be present by order of the king, which made the lawyers mad, for they wanted privacy with Fouquet. The solution was that d’Artagnan had to stand outside the prison door, and the lawyers were to speak loudly so he could hear them.


Publication of The Voyage to the Sun,” or, to give the title more accurately, “The Comic History of the States and Empires of the Sun," by Cyrano de Bergerac, years after his death.



June – Fouquet is moved by d’Artagnan to the Bastille in Paris. D’Artagnan continues to guard him, and sleeps in a cell beside Fouquet.



June – d’Artagnan escorts Fouquet to a new prison at Moret-sur-Loing.


Summer – d’Artagnan is allowed by the king to take a two month vacation with him at Fontainebleau, where Louis was presently residing. Afterwards, Louis returns to his palace, and d’Artagnan to guard duty.


Oct – d’Artagnan is announced godfather to one of his own Musketeers, a certain Jules Arnolfini.


Nov 20 – interrogations of Fouquet were being frequently held at the Petit Arsenal, which is only walking distance from the Bastille; but on this date, Madame de Sévigné, the famous French letter writer, records the situation:

“As he [Fouqet] was returning by the arsenal on foot for exercise, M. Fouquet asked who were those workmen he perceived. He was told that they were people altering the basin of a fountain. He went up to them and gave his advice; and then turning to d'Artagnan (the Hedzoff of those days), ‘Do you wonder that I should interfere? I was formerly considered clever at these sort of things.’”


Nov 27 Thursday – Madame de Sévigné, in another letter, writes:

            “I must tell you what I myself did. Guess which ladies of my acquaintance

proposed to me to go to a house exactly opposite the Arsenal, where we could see

the return of our poor friend [Fouquet]? I was masked, but I saw him almost as soon as he came into sight. Monsieur d’Artagnan was walking beside him, fifty Musketeers were behind by thirty or forty paces. He [Fouquet] seemed quite preoccupied. As for me, when I saw him, my legs trembled and my heart beat so loudly that I could do nothing more. Approaching us in order to return his prison, Monsieur d’Artagnan nudged him and pointed out to him that we were there. So he bowed to us and smiled with the expression you know. I do not think he recognized me; but I confess I was strangely moved when I saw him go in at that little door.”


Dec – interrogations drew to a close. A comet appeared over the capital, and d’Artagnan woke Fouquet in the very early morning hours and took him onto the roof of the Chapel Tower of the Bastille to let him see it, where both of them could see it very well. Some people thought that the comet was a good omen for Fouquet. However, later that month, Fouquet was sentenced to lifetime solitary confinement at the hearings. Here’s how Madame de Sévigné describes the situation:

“Foucaut [standing in front of Fouquet] put on his hat and read out the sentence, while Monsieur Fouquet listened bareheaded. Pecquet and Lavalee [Fouquet’s two personal servants] were later separated from him, and the cries and the tears of these poor men melted every heart that was not made of iron. They made such a terrible noise that Monsieur d’Artagnan was obliged to go and console them, for it seemed to them as if the sentence of death had just been read to their master. Monsieur Fouquet went to Monsieur d’Artagnan’s apartment. At eleven o’clock a coach was ready, into which Monsieur Fouquet entered with four guards. Monsieur d’Artagnan was on horseback with fifty Musketeers; he will conduct him to Pignerol [Pinerolo], where he will leave him in the care of Saint-Mars, who is a very worthy man; he will have fifty soldiers as a guard.”


D’Artagnan was the one who had recommend Saint-Mars as jailor, who was one of his senior officers in the Musketeers. Fouquet was then taken to the remote prison of Pinerolo, in the Italian Alps. Louis appointed d’Artagnan as escort for the disgraced minister to this place. A few days later Madame de Sévigné comments: “Monsieur d’Artagnan has been his [Fouquet’s] only consolation on this journey [to Pinerolo].” However, d’Artagnan was not pleased at all that he had to make this long journey to the Alps!


Dec 22 – counselor d’Ormesson of the Parliament, reports d’Artagnan’s reaction to his new duty as escort to such a remote region:

“He [d’Artagnan] seemed morose about the journey which he was being made to make to Pinerolo, from which he might have been spared.”



Jan 16 – d’Artagnan delivers Fouquet to Pinerolo, in the Alps. Here Fouquet is to remain until his death in 1680.


Jan – the second company of Musketeers gains a new captain-lieutenant, a certain Monsieur Edouard-Francois Colbert de Vandieres, comte de Maulevrier, brother of Colbert, the new finance minster. King Louis XIV makes the second company of Musketeers a household guard, along side the first company (of which d’Artagnan is a sub-lieutenant in). The second company were given black horses to ride, whereupon they become known as the “Black Musketeers.” Sometimes they are even referred to the “Little Musketeers” – perhaps deriving at being the second company of Musketeers. Already, the first company had been given grey horses, and had already been known as the “Grey Musketeers.” Even though the scheming Colbert was trying to give command of both Musketeer companies to his brother, Louis XIV would not stand for it, and had Le Tellier (minister of war) write to d’Artagnan, who was upset at Colbert’s plans (for d’Artagnan wanted command of all Musketeers) that d’Artagnan did indeed have full command over both companies, and not Colbert’s brother. D’Artagnan must have felt complete relief!


April 16 – d’Artagnan’s wife, Charlotte, signed an act of renunciation of her marital community of goods. All mutual financial connection between them was ended. The marriage itself was as good as over, and they were publicly separated. Charlotte kept the two boys.


Autumn – war breaks out near the borders of France. Charles II of England attacks the United Provinces. D’Artagnan once again, along with Colbert’s brother (who is still commanding under him in the second company of Musketeers), attend this war.


Oct 26 – the Musketeer ranks reach Maastricht (where d’Artagnan will later die at in 1673 in another battle). With d’Artagnan at their head, the Musketeers won decisive victories.



Jan – Anne of Austria, the Queen Mother, dies.


April – a peace treaty was signed between England and the United Provinces, and war was over for the moment. When d’Artagnan and his troops arrived at a welcome back party at Fontainebleau, he found the king was extremely pleased with his performance in the war. The poet La Gravette de Mayolas wrote of the moment:

“Monsieur d’Artagnan, wise and valiant, was received with a gracious air.”


Sept – d’Artagnan is appointed Captain of the Deerhounds. It gave him financial help, and he relinquished the appointment within three weeks – no doubt with profit involved.



The Memoirs of D'Artagnan By: Gatien de Courtilz de Sandras, Translated by: Ralph Nevill. Part III: The Captain. Follows his career as Captain of the Musketeers, also focuses on his governorship in a small French town near the end of his life. This ends similar to The Man in the Iron Mask with the very same battle that d'Artagnan died in, as the real d'Artagnan died in.


Captain d'Artagnan By: Lucien Pemjean Follows part III of d'Artagnan's memoirs.



Early in the year, Mancini finally resigned his post of captain-lieutenant of Musketeers, who was actually living in Italy the whole time, staying out of d’Artagnan’s way.


Jan 22 – along with a large party, and in front of many witnesses, the king inferred the rank of captain-lieutenant of Musketeers upon d’Artagnan, his valuable servant – one of the most prestigious appointments in the French military. What could be next? A marshal’s baton? Indeed, d’Artagnan deserved it, but he was cut off from life much too soon at aged fifty, as we shall soon see. The position of sub-lieutenant was granted to a cousin of d’Artagnan’s, a certain Jean-Louis Castera de La Riviere. Also serving under d’Artagnan is another one of his cousins: Pierre de Montesquiou d’Artagnan, a future marshal of France, and of whom the company has nicknamed: “Little d’Artagnan.” A reference, not to his size, but that he is also named d’Artagnan, but with a lower rank. Pierre looked up to his older cousin as a father. D’Artagnan, at this time, had also come to be known as a count; a title that may not have rightfully belonged to him.


May – Paul d’Artagnan (d’Artagnan’s eldest brother) becomes the governor of a small Gascon town called Navarrenx.


May – a new war between France and Spain has broke out, and Louis, along with his court, are marching to the front. Complete army command is given to Marshal Turenne, but d’Artagnan is appointed cavalry brigadier, with five squadrons under his command, as well as the two company of Musketeers.


May 20 – the army reached Amiens, where Louis sets up camp. Fighting begins soon. Soon enough, the towns of Tournai and Douai were taken, mostly because of d’Artagnan and his troops’ courage. Next target is the town of Lille.


Aug 28 – Louis XIV marches triumphantly into the town of Lille, which had been taken. Soon, the war is complete, and d’Artagnan returns to the capital with Louis.

November - After d'Artagnan returns to the capital, the novel by Swashbuckling author Ted Anthony Roberts opens up. "The Adventures of Monsieur de La Donaree the Musketeer" is an adventurous story about one of d'Artagnan's soldiers (Monsieur Donaree), who finds out that the love of his life, a certain Madame de La Rose, had been abducted. Requesting leave from his captain, d'Artagnan is happy to give leave to his trusted soldier. Donaree's adventures takes him across France, on toward England, and then on into Spain.



Early – hostilities begin afresh, with the threat of war once again.


Feb – The Prince de Conde marched upon Frache-Comte, with the intent on taking it. D’Artagnan was with the prince in this attack, commanding a combined force of his Musketeers and the dragoons. It surrendered to French troops on the 10th of Feb. Peace was not to endure for the French until 1672.



Louis XIV. is in the process of building his new palace at Versailles.



Louis XIV takes a tour of his holdings in Flanders, and the court goes in grand procession. D’Artagnan is once again in charge of security for the trip.


May 22 – the procession reached the town of Lille, and the Musketeers (with d’Artagnan at its head) paraded in front of Louis and his Queen upon entry of the town.


May 23 – an army of peasants, who were not pleased with Louis XIV.’s taxes, demanded their rights, and were burning and pillaging towns as a result. The war minister Le Tellier, marquis de Louvois, organized a military force of 4,600 men to crush the rebellion. The army was led by Le Bret, and d’Artagnan was one of his two brigadiers, and he was placed in charge of the cavalry, with both companies of Musketeers included.


July 25 – the peasant army was met with the forces of the king. The trained soldiers, withholding their full might (for they were unpleasantly fighting their own countrymen instead of an enemy country) only killed 130 out of 2,000 rebels – a feat that is perhaps due to the soldiers’ concern for the rioting citizens. The king, in the fight, lost only thirty-two men.


End of the summer – d’Artagnan returns to the capital.



Spring – d’Artagnan accompanies Louis XIV. on a new tour to Flanders once again.


Nov 25 – the arrest of Antonin Nompar de Caumont, Comte de Lauzun, who had fallen into disgrace with Louis XIV. He was arrested by the captain of the king’s bodyguards, a certain Captain Rochefort (but not the one from the Three Musketeers!). We read of this case in The Memoirs of Madame de Montespan:

“The officer D'Artagnan, who had the task of seizing his [Lauzun’s] papers when he was arrested to be taken to Pignerol [Pinerolo], was obliged, in the course of his duty, to open a rather large casket, where he found the portraits of more than sixty women, of whom the greater number lived almost in the odour of sanctity.  There were descriptive or biographical notes upon all these heroines, and correspondence to match.  His Majesty had cognisance of it, and forbade the publication of the names.  But the Marquis d'Artagnan and his subordinate officer committed some almost inevitable indiscretions, and all these ladies found their names public property.  Several of them, who were either widows or young ladies, retired into convents, not daring to show their faces in the light of day.”


Nov 26 – D’Artagnan is to escort him to Pinerolo – that long terrible trip once again for poor d’Artagnan! He was followed by 100 of his Musketeers.


Dec 14 – during their travels to Pinerolo, they stopped at Gap, where d’Artagnan was greeted by the governor and consuls of the town. But when they reached Briancon, not too long afterwards, d’Artagnan received almost a festival of welcome in the town’s square, and was presented with four bottles of good wine. All this because he was the representative of the king . . . . Or perhaps, it was because d’Artagnan was already a legend around France.


Dec 19 – they arrive in Pinerolo. D’Artagnan inspected the prison quarters for Lauzun, and found it satisfactory, and sent a messenger to the king with his progress report. He sent as a messenger young Pierre, his cousin (Little d’Artagnan!), who had been a part of the escort with d’Artagnan, and who had accompanied d’Artagnan in the carriage with Lauzun. D’Artagnan did not visit Fouquet, but did speak with Saint-Mars, and then headed off a few days later back to Paris.



Jan – d’Artagnan is back in Paris. La Grande Mademoiselle, Louis XIV’s first cousin, and daughter of Gaston d’Orleans, and who is the lover of Lauzun, questions d’Artagnan about the state of being of Lauzun; who at first got the opportunity to question Pierre d’Artagnan about the matters – but she wants even more details. Their conversation is recorded in her memoirs (the memoirs of Mademoiselle de Montpensier):

“I asked him for news of Monsieur de Lauzun. He told me that he had left him in good health, insofar as he might be, not being able to see the king; that he had said very touching things regarding his respect and friendship for the king, such that nothing was equal to it.

I said to him: ‘Have you told this to the king?’

‘Certainly [d’Artagnan answered]. In the end, all that I can say is that he loves everything which he should love, and that he feels his deprivation keenly. He didn’t give me anything to say, and it wasn’t proper for me to undertake commission for him. But he is just as he should be and as those who love him may hope.’


April 6 – France declares war with the Dutch. D’Artagnan was made a Marshal of the Camp of the Royal Army. However, since the present goveroner of Lille has displeased Louis, d’Artagnan is asked to become its new governor. He has to leave his men to do war without him.


Early May – d’Artagnan arrives in Lille as its governor. He is welcomed with a reception in the Palais de Rihour, Lille’s town hall.


The Marshall Vauban had become governor of a neighboring town, and sent one of his builders into Lille territory. All was fine, except the builder, whose name was Montegivrault was already disposed to dislike d’Artagnan. D’Artagnan, being governor (as his commission expressly says: “to command in our said city and citadel of Lille, and in the lands and lordship of Lille, Orchies and the territory of Laloue.”), wanted to be informed of all building activity in his town. Montegivrault saw it differently, and the two came to blows. D’Artagnan was a little late in writing his complaint about the man to Louvois, since the man had already written one to Louvois about him! For some odd reason, Louvois found the fault lying with d’Artagnan, and wrote to tell him to apologize to Montegivrault. Bitterly angered, d’Artagnan wrote Louvois back this reply:

“Since I have been in Lille, I have lived with the chevalier de Montegivrault as fairly as possible, and I even believe that I have been too much so. Ever since I’ve been here, he has not told me a word of what he is doing here, apart from telling me that he has orders from you not to give an account to either the governor or the intendant . . . . Things he certainly should not do without warning the man who commands in a place like this, since by doing so the people see the little respect paid to the man who commands here.”

It would seem that a few days later that Montegivrault came to see d’Artagnan to apologize, but it was too late, he was already on the Musketeer-Governor’s bad side, and d’Artagnan snubbed him, which in turn caused Montegivrault to purposely fail to salute the Gascon on another occasion. This made d’Artagnan mad once again. He complains of this in yet another letter to Louvois:

“I am persuaded, monseigneur, that the king would be angry with me if I suffered a little fly-by-night engineer to show contempt for the role which his majesty has done me the honor of giving me here . . . . If I may dare, monseigneur, to implore you to work on the king so that he wishes to cut short my commission and to recall me back to him, I would be very obliged to you.”



The Death of D'Artagnan - as seen at the end of The Man in the Iron Mask, and as seen in the last part of the Memoirs of d'Artagnan, and in real history



Le Fils de d'Artagnan [The Son of d'Artagnan] By Paul Féval, fils (1914)



The Son of Porthos, or The Death of Aramis By:Paul Mahalin. Aramis, being the only one of the four friends to live, discovers that Porthos had a son, whom he takes under his wing. In this story, Aramis finally dies - yet this was not the author's intention, seeing as he wrote another book with Aramis that never made it to an English translation. The English translators took it upon themselves to kill off Aramis prematurely in this English version.



D'Artagnan, the Ultimate Musketeer - A Biography, By: Geoffrey Hall & Joan Sanders



“The Voyage to the Moon,” by Cyrano de Bergerac, is Printed in London for Henry Rhodes, next door to the Swan-Tavern, near Bride-Lane in Fleet- Street.



Gatien de Courtilz de Sandras publishes the Memoirs of d'Artagnan.



King Louis XIV dies, ending a golden era for France.



Alexandre Dumas writes the Three Musketeers, based upon the Memoirs of d'Artagnan by Courtilz.



Alexandre Dumas writes Twenty Years After, still using the work of Courtilz.



Alexandre Dumas completes Le Vicomte de Bragalonne, which takes him several years to complete, still using the work of Courtilz. These three works makes d'Artagnan a superstar in the world's eyes. There is a renewed interest in the Musketeer that spreads the world over.



Edmond Rostand’s Cyrano de Bergerac, a five-act tragicomedy in verse, is presented to the world.


The Man in the Iron Mask

The Man in the Iron Mask
by Roger Macdonald


The Four Musketeers: The True Story of D'Artagnan, Porthos, Aramis & Athos

The Four Musketeers: The True Story of D'Ar...
by Kari Maund

The Three Musketeers (Oxford World's Classics)The Three Musketeers (Oxford World's Classics) by Alexandre Dumas
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Beginning of the d'Artagnan romances (the feats and fortunes of a gascon adventurer) by Alexandre Dumas. Perhaps the greatest cloak & Dagger story ever written!
Twenty Years After (Oxford World's Classics)Twenty Years After (Oxford World's Classics) by Alexandre Dumas père
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2nd of the d'Artagnan romances.
Louise de la Vallière (Oxford World's Classics)Louise de la Vallière (Oxford World's Classics) by Alexandre Dumas
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3rd of the d'Artagnan romances.
The Vicomte de Bragelonne (Oxford World's Classics)The Vicomte de Bragelonne (Oxford World's Classics) by Alexandre Dumas père
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4th of the d'Artagnan romances.
The Man in the Iron Mask (Oxford World's Classics)The Man in the Iron Mask (Oxford World's Classics) by Alexandre Dumas père
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Last of the d'Artagnan romances by Dumas.

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CLICK HERE for Plot Details, and to Read the Introduction and First Three Chapters!




Product Details (From

  • Paperback: 350 pages
  • Publisher: CreateSpace (November 30, 2009)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1449913172
  • ISBN-13: 978-1449913175
  • Product Dimensions: 9 x 6 x 0.9 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.3 pounds



"Nicely done. I really enjoyed the history in the introduction and the duel is well written. Best of luck with the novel!" ~ Author David Lee Summers, author of five books: Vampires of the Scarlet Order, The Solar Sea, and the "Old Star" science fiction series: The Pirates of Sufiro, Children of the Old Stars, and Heirs of the New Earth.

"Very exciting read! Felt like I was there witnessing the action!" ~ Candle Artist Jfay,

"I really enjoyed the humour and really laughed, not at Monsieur de la Donaree but with Monsieur de la Donaree! I dont know if you wrote it in this spirit but if you had a bit of Molière in you, I would not be surprised! He knew how to study people and would turn situations into a comic play! I laughed out loud, this is a gem! Not only de la Donaree is a fine sword, he has also a fine nose when it comes to pinpoint personalities, I'm talking about the Inkeeper and his situation with the wife here!! The second part is indeed in pure swashbuckling spirit, in rhythm and enthusiasm! And the end is a cliff-hanger! The beginning is "cocasse" (funny) as they might have said then in Gascony, and witty! Indeed Alexandre Dumas had a sense of humour too and satirically created at least one of his character ( in another book) to a character made up by Molière in one of his comic play. And Molière also took his inspiration from Dumas' s Musketeers and "The Man in the Iron Mask." I liked it! I had fun while reading this chapter about Monsieur de la Donaree, as while following the spirit of the Musketeers you gave a contemporary touch to the text!" ~ Artist Nicole Marques,

"Hurrah, Ted! I gleefully await the next installment! LOVE the romantic stuff! Bring it on! There are few things in this world I like better than a hot Viscount. Keep going, Ted! Bravo! Keep writing! I can't wait to read more! But it is par for the course as I am also a writer. Keep in touch!" ~ Author Genella de Grey, author of "Remember Me."

"Wow - What a wonderful beginning. As a whole, you have a unique way of writing & you captivated me by a few sentences peaking my interest to continue. For instance: ...hazed by the early morning mist...I love it! I look forward to reading the next chapter. You've gained my interest. That was impresive & informative. You've still got the hook in & I'm dangling to hear more. Thanks for the sneak peak." ~ Aspiring Author R.F.Taylor: Rianna

"Well done. Chapter One entices the reader craving more. I will look for The Adventures of Monsieur de La Donaree the Musketeer on the web. Keep up the excellent writing..." ~